a. Nano-level sensor system:

SURPHASE technology uses a disruptive sensor-based technology that monitors and detects membrane fouling in real time and in a non-invasive way. This system has a sensitivity in the nanoscale range, with 1000 times higher sensitivity than existing methods. As the device performs in parallel to the industrial process, the system provides actionable inputs to plan preventive cleanings avoiding the risk of reaching irreversible fouling levels.